The car still dominates ... and by far!


There is still a lot to be done to promote soft and alternate modes of travel, really a lot of work. Listen to this now. In Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 35.2{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} of the workforce or 357,600 people work no more than 5 kilometers from their homes, according to INSEE in its latest Blitz.

And only 15.5{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} dont take their car or motorized two-wheeler with them to get there. 10.1{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} use public transport. After all, only 2.7{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} walk and 2.6{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} use a bicycle.

Okay, 3 miles is still a 40 minute walk. If we make a detour to school to drop off the kids and the bakery, the hour is long gone. But what about those whose offices are only 1 km away? According to INSEE, which is based on data collected during the 2017 census, there are still 54{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} who use a backfired and polluting mode of transport, over 2.1{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} to hop on a bus or tram and check in . Finally, the nearly 40{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} who agree to this 10 minute walk (6 km / h) and the 4{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} who get on their bike seem almost ridiculous.

Public transport also has problems

Most dramatically, the share of public transport does not increase with distance. At the highest level, with 10.5{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} of users for 4 km, it even sinks to a share of 3{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} for 25 km before it laboriously increases to 15{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} when this exceeds 25 km.

Among the excuses we find farmers, craftsmen and traders who transport heavy loads with their vehicles more often during the day, but the representatives of the farming world are also the most numerous with 25.7{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118}, ahead of employees (25.3{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118}) and managers (18, 6{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118}), but more than 70{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} live in the heart of cities where their work is also within a 5 km radius.

Workers punished

Workers are essentially the most disadvantaged as they are more likely to live on the outskirts of cities where public transport is least developed. However, 27.8{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} of them use an alternate or soft travel mode. In this category, 17.4{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} craftsmen and traders get on the last wheel of the tram.

This is where the longing of the war lies in the development of public transport, since in large cities such as Besançon or Dijon 38{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} are used by workers in the metropolitan area and between 9 and 13{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} in their large catchment areas they are now only 1.5{7d3485657e94c2a51293ca186d4450b2f27c317aa7ee3509dac6c8bbf5461118} in Lons-le-Saunier or Grau.

However, an ambitious policy to create real bike lanes, backed by assistance with access to electric bikes, could also prove very sensible.